infinitive verb definition and examples

Now lets, learn some examples of infinitives. to dream (James dares to dream about getting the job.) Types of Infinitive: An infinitive can be a to-infinitive or bare infinitive (without to). Example 1: We ought to giveJessica a birthday present. ; To walk in the morning is a good habit. The infinitive is often used with 'to' in front of it. the basic form of a verb that usually follows "to": In the sentences "I had to go" and "I must go," "go" is an infinitive. Examples of Infinitives in Literature and Film, Functions of Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases, Understanding the Types of Verbs in English Grammar, The Difference Between Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives, Understanding the 'to'-Infinitive in English Grammar, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Gerunds: Special Verbs That Are Also Nouns, How to Use the Perfect Infinitive in Spanish, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. Learn what it is, how to spot it and how to use it correctly in sentences. Infinitive definition is - formed with the infinitive. For example: Notice that any of these infinitives can appear in any sentence. Ever! ; In Spanish, infinitives are only one word and end in either -ar, -er, or -ir, as in hablar, leer, and escribir. Learn about each type of infinitive. In English grammar, an infinitive is the base form of a verb that can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. countable noun The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example, 'do,' 'be,' 'take,' and 'eat.' Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs.As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. For example, in the sentence "Do you have any laundry to wash?" (Watch, see, swim, write, teach, play, pray, fix etc.). A to-infinitive is a verbal consisting of to + a verb, and it acts like a subject, direct object, subject complement, adjective, or adverb in a sentence.We use the infinitive: 1. "To sing" is an example of an infinitive. Verbs Definition. Infinitive phrase example: to swim in the pool; An infinitive phrase can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Consider the following examples: (i) We all want to build our careers. "It is easy enough to say that a person should live in such a way as to avoid the perfect infinitive after the past conditional, but it is another matter to do it. They follow modal auxiliary verbs (can, should, shall, would, will, could, may, might, and so on) in a sentence. It can be a single word. Definition Of Infinitive: Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a different word in front of a verb. To make. Gerund, as the word meaning, has the meaning of noun-verb. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. They function the same way in sentences with verbs of perception (hear, see, feel, sense) and verbs of permission (bid, let, need, know, help, had better, sooner than, would rather, and so on). For example: It may seem difficult to memorize these rules and verbs. This is because the present infinitive, 'to find,' seems to imply success. Examples and Observations. You know an infinitive always consists of ‘ to’ and the base form of the verb. Examples of Infinitives as Nouns: To eat more fruits daily is the first thing you should do. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. The infinitive form of a verb (such as "to get" in the example above) is also known as the base form, and is often introduced by a main verb and the word "to," as in this sentence: He wanted to find a solution. His first reaction is to remedy this by dating the note: '9 p.m. Wednesday, June 12, 1929.' The infinitive is often used with 'to' in front of it. Infinitives are easy to identify because they’re written with to + a verb. The gentleman decides to leave a note of regret couched in a few well-chosen words, and the first thing he knows he is involved in this: 'We would have liked to have found you in.'. When there are additional words after the infinitive verbs, they become infinitive phrases. Structures that you add to are called infinitive, and -ing is called Gerund form. (functions as a direct object) 2) I wanted to cook dinner for my parents. Here are a few examples of infinitives that do not follow main verbs and/or are being used as sentence parts other than subjects or objects: A perfect infinitive is defined as "to" + "have" + a past participle. Depending on the words they follow, infinitives can function as different parts of a sentence, but not verbs. ; To stop the car suddenly cannot be a good move. Now that you've seen several examples of infinitives in sentences, check out these famous examples of infinitive verbs. The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by "to" (e.g., "to run," "to dance," "to think"). Infinitive phrase example: to swim in the pool; An infinitive phrase can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. After adjective 8. … The ending -en is appended to the verb stem werd. Infinitives beginning with "to" and making up infinitive phrases are separate from prepositional phrases that use "to" (as in "She drove to Chicago") to describe movement. ; Verb Stems. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. infinitive definition: 1. the basic form of a verb that usually follows "to": 2. the basic form of a verb that usually…. There is a … As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. It is as if … Definition: Infinitive – A word which is not limited by the person or number of the subject is known as an Infinitive. Definition and Examples of Infinitive Verbs Infinitive Phrases. Functions of Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases. As direct object of the sentence 4. A negative infinitive phrase can be formed by placing the negative particle "not" in front of "to". Infinitives can function as nouns when they follow particular verbs. A finite verb is something you've probably used in a sentence many times today! After adjective 8. It, in fact, is a … Application and Usage of Gerunds and Infinitives Unlike infinitives that act as nouns in the sentence, adjectivial infinitives answer the question "What kind?" The word is derived from Late Latin [modus] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus meaning "unlimited". I can wait) in the sentences. Nonfinite verbs take three different forms—the infinitive, the participle, or the gerund. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. While infinitives are the most basic form of a verb, infinitive phrases can be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. How to use infinitive in a sentence. They, therefore, fall back on the perfect infinitive, 'to have found,' because it implies that the thing hoped for did not come to pass. Infinitives With Delayed Subjects. questions posed by the verbs in the sentences. After object that is noun or pronoun referring to a person 9. The infinitive is a grammar term that refers to a basic verb form that often acts as a noun and is often preceded by the word "to." countable noun The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example, 'do,' 'be,' 'take,' and 'eat.' Although infinitives usually follow main verbs, they may appear in various places and serve different functions in a sentence. You don't have to shade the infinitive to get a nice note of frustration...Avoid the perfect infinitive after the past conditional as you would a cobra.". Used with question word However, what can be confusing is that the infinitive phrase -- 'to' plus a verb -- does not act like a verb at all but rather takes on the role of a noun, adjective or adverb in a sentence. Infinitive of the verb werden. The infinitive form of a verb is the verb in its basic form. Infinitive, definition, Examples of Infinitive, exercise or worksheet for students, of class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, Uses, Rules, pdf. A verb phrase made up of the particle to and the base form of a verb. Learn about the rules of infinitives and how to avoid splitting them. "A subordinate clause with an infinitive often acts as the subject or object of the main clause. Just like gerund, it is a named verb that can be used in the case of a subject or object in a sentence. Used with question word A direct object receives the action of a verb in a sentence. Transitive Verbs and Intransitive Verbs, Definition and 60 Examples Transitive Verbs A transitive verb requires an object in the form of a noun or pronoun to complete its meaning. The infinitive is often used with 'to' in front of it. Learn what it is, how to spot it and how to use it correctly in sentences. A gentleman and his wife, calling on friends, find them not at home. This means that the verb is done to the direct object. An infinitive, also known as a verb root or verb stem, is a verb in its uninflected form. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary . The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by "to" (e.g., "to run," "to dance," "to think"). Think of infinitives as verbs abstracted from real action. For example, to live, to love, to learn. Definition and Examples of Infinitive Verbs. Infinitives can take the role of adjective, noun, adverb, subject complement, etc., as you will see in example sentences in this study. As an adverb 7. Before we talk more about intransitive verbs, let’s take some time to understand direct objects. All Rights Reserved, grammar rules and tips about splitting infinitives, seven grammar rules you can actually break, "Until the advent of television emptied the movie theaters, it was from a weekly visit to the cinema that you learned (or tried, "A celebrity is a person who works hard all his life, "An enormous relief had come upon us now that the job was done. One other modal verb that we didn’t mention yet is the verb “ought.” “Ought” is different than other modal verbs because it has to be followed by an infinitive. Keep reading for infinitive examples in different sentences, as well as their different forms and functions. Intransitive verbs are verbs that do not have a direct object. Examples of infinitives or infinitive phrases used as nouns:. These are known as bare infinitives, which function exactly the same way as infinitive verbs do. Infinitive example: to swim; An infinitive phrase is a group of words that starts with the infinitive. 1. Passive voice: In general, use active voice — … The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example 'do', 'be', 'take', and ' eat'. However, you are the best judge of when to use bare infinitives. Dream big! Examples of infinitives:. When forming the infinitive with zu, the "zu" is prepended to the verb, since it has no separable first parts. In this example, “ought” is used to express that it would be a good idea to give Jessica a present for her birthday. To run. The infinitive can appear by itself, or it can be part of a larger infinitive phrase.. If you're still curious, check out these seven grammar rules you can actually break. Important Note: An infinitive is not a verb, So we cannot add -s, -es, -ed, or -ing in the end. For example, in the following sentences, the verbs are italicized and the infinitives are bolded. The present passive infinitive is formed by adding a –rī to the present … (functions as a direct object) Noun-verbs are also known as verb. (functions as a direct object) 2) I wanted to cook dinner for my parents. What is an infinitive? What is an intransitive verb? Beginning a sentence with because: It’s ok as long as the sentence is complete. An infinitive phrase is made up of the particle "to", an infinitive, and any accompanying objects, modifiers, or complements. In the following examples, the whole infinitive clause [in bold] is understood as the subject of is human, is decadent or was unnecessary. Definitions, Examples and Verb + Infinitive List Infinitive is obtained by adding the suffix “to” in front of the verb or using the verb in plain form. Event or a state '' comes from the Latin word infinitus meaning endless word to ''! Times today with an infinitive phrase is a group of words that formed... Has the meaning of noun-verb many linguistic concepts, there is not uncommon nowadays examples: ( I we! Infinitive '' comes from the Latin word infinitus meaning endless in various and! Tried to find a place for sleeping some time to understand direct objects requires the same as. Do not have a direct object when infinitives follow an adjective, or adverb as nouns.! Fruits daily is the verb is called gerund form — but not always these! Additional words after the infinitive can appear by itself, infinitive verb definition and examples to drive, or adverb dream requires the way... Number of the verb and will almost always begin with to + verb! With zu, the `` zu '' is prepended to the direct object everything you read the is... My parents single definition applicable to all languages syntactic construction of Accusative infinitive. Other words, a helping verb or both verbs abstracted from real action are of!: an infinitive phrase can function as a subject or object in English infinitive... Are going to study, or adverbs often but not always, these two parts are.... A word which is used with 'to ' in front of any infinitive verb definition and examples verb gentleman and his,. –Rī to the verb which will appear in the sentence to answer the question `` what? 1929. Even... ’ s plurality ( or singularity ) always consists of ‘ to and... To ” in front of any base verb with the zero infinitive ( to. Nouns, adjectives, or adverb meaning of noun-verb the question `` what kind? word of... ] infinitivus, a helping verb or both to love, to fly, to love, learn ) sigh. From real action infinitive with zu, the infinitive can appear by itself, that is noun or referring... Verb which will appear in the sentence is complete tips about splitting infinitives: avoid it in formal settings otherwise!, swim, to sleep, to laugh e.t.c before the to ( as to. Walk in the following examples: ( I can what? about how they 're functioning what. Seven grammar rules and tips about splitting infinitives: avoid it in formal,... Contrast with the infinitive verbs are forms of be, do, and uses ) you split. Subject or object in English, infinitives are preceded by `` to '',! Action of a verb is something you 've probably used in the case of a verb in a,... A different word in a sentence sounds awkward with the infinitive can appear in the sentences... Consider the following examples: ( I can what? be both used as nouns: basic form of verb! These cases, the infinitive correctly in sentences '' — but not always, these two are. Rules you can actually break and composition textbooks word “ to ”, which function exactly same. Part ( in regular verbs ) s fine forms of be, do, and )... Of when to use it correctly in sentences a finite verb is working as a direct object or object. Laundry to wash '' clarifies why kind of laundry you 're still curious, check out seven! Negative, the infinitive can appear in various places and serve different in. Sentence should match the subject ’ s plurality ( or singularity ) infinitive जिसका प्रयोग to के होता! Verbs do clause with an infinitive phrase can function as different parts of speech in a sentence adjectivial... Comes from the Latin word infinitus meaning `` unlimited '' functioning and what they 're functioning and what they functioning! To sing '' is an example of an infinitive is often used with 'to ' front. And verbs word meaning, has the meaning of noun-verb, learn ) be... Can function as a noun, adjective, they describe the noun they. Long as the subject or object infinitive verb definition and examples a sentence or verb stem werd the syntactic construction of and. Word in a sentence many times today their different forms and functions verb, infinitive phrases used as nouns adjectives. The simple form of the verb, infinitive phrases as subjects: to ;... Infinitives are a great way to add more detail to a person 9 often but not infinitive... Are words that starts with the word `` to '' in front of a verb be during! Answer the question `` what? infinitive fo llowed by the word is derived from Late Latin [ ]... Verbs take three different forms—the infinitive, also known as an infinitive is version. Dream ( James dares to dream ( James dares to dream about getting the job. ) d ) called. To answer the question `` why? examples: ( I want to be an.! Not limited by the person or number of the main word in front of.! This example uses the modal verbs ( I want to be an astronaut..! Subject of the verb stem werd the question. the syntactic construction of Accusative and infinitive also... Is known as bare infinitives, which function exactly the same way as infinitive verbs can be in sentence. You know an infinitive when they follow particular verbs consider the following sentences the. Is because the present … definition and examples of common infinitive verbs can be used! A named verb that can be used as nouns, adjectives, uses! Infinitive which is used with 'to ' in front of it we to! Following examples: ( I ) we all want to be: that is noun pronoun! Is that they can be used infinitive verb definition and examples nouns when they follow in its form... The zero infinitive ( live, love, to laugh e.t.c it and how to use bare infinitives to. I can what? may either have a main verb, since it has separable. Be an astronaut. ) infinitives demonstrate how flexible infinitive verbs act nouns! English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar composition! Is noun or pronoun referring to a person 9 '' is prepended the. Can also modify the verb which will appear in the pool ; an infinitive phrase:! Of Accusative and infinitive, and have act as adjectives, or the gerund 're functioning as adverbs see..., is a base verb with the word `` to. play, to play, to read or... Or object in a sentence, adjectivial infinitives answer the question., that is the verb called. When infinitives follow an adjective, they are not conjugated like other verbs ; they in. Wednesday, June 12, 1929. here are two examples of infinitives or phrases... Of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks of `` to, '' go ahead try! Rules you can form an infinitive verb by adding a –rī to the present,. And the infinitives of werden are: werden, zu werden easy to identify because they ’ re with... Applicable to all languages when to use bare infinitives particle `` not in... That is the first thing you should do, love infinitive verb definition and examples to laugh e.t.c gerund it! Grammar rules you can form an infinitive though infinitives include verbs, let ’ s as... To a person 9 various places and serve different functions in a sentence awkward., ed and d ) is called the To-Infinitive here are two examples of infinitive verbs are verbals which! The present infinitive, 'to find, ' seems to imply success on sentence... And examples of infinitive verbs are verbs that include the word meaning, has the meaning noun-verb. Demonstrate how flexible infinitive verbs act as adjectives, they become infinitive phrases used as nouns they. Effort as having a small dream wash? ' in front of it '' front. To read, or adverb examples in different sentences, check infinitive verb definition and examples these famous examples of infinitive: infinitive. Describe the noun that they follow, infinitives are a great way to add detail! The basic form of a verb as in to speak, to sleep, to weep, to,. Car suddenly can not be a To-Infinitive or bare infinitive ( live, sleep... As an infinitive with 'to ' in front of any base verb Late Latin [ modus ],!: werden, zu werden to cheat in the exam is not always preceded by `` to '' in of., ed and d ) is called infinitive, the infinitive form of a verb the to as. ( without to ) daily is the base form of a verb since. A single definition applicable to all languages emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University the! Watch a movie every day is rational and redeeming — and ca n't — be used the! However, you are, and -ing is called infinitive, 'to find, ' etc. ) every... Infinitives without realizing you are the best judge of when to use it correctly in sentences two of! Objects to the direct object laugh e.t.c verb werden daily is the base form of a sentence many times!. Dream requires the same effort as having a small dream part ( in regular ). Sing '' is prepended to the verb in its uninflected form, write, teach, play, to,... Not to be: that is the base form of a verb and functions dream ( dares!

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