bare infinitive verb list pdf

Verben im Wörterbuch stehen immer im Infinitiv. My job requires me to handle many letters from abroad. For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. I allow my children to watch TV every day. Verbs + Infinitive. Go shopping 3. The combination of a modal verb and a bare infinitive can take the place of the main verb of a sentence. Some verbs are followed by the infinitive with to: I decided to go home as soon as possible. 2 She can (sing) quite well. Exercise 1. (not …noticed him to run…) - I make Peter wait outside. Look at these examples: To play is the only thing Pari wants to do once she finishes her exams. verb + infinitive. Insert to where necessary before the infinitives in brackets. An infinitive verb can be used in different ways, even as a simple concept. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. Bare infinitive. There are several different uses of the infinitive. I told him to come. Do the washing up 2. Appear semblar His health appeared to be better. With Modal Verbs Bare infinitives are always used with the modal verbs can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would. 5) Verb + object + bare infinitive. Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends. help Can you help me to carry these boxes? Other verbs like include feel, hear, observe, overhear, see, watch, have, let, notice, make… Example: - She noticed him run away form the house. 3 He will be able (swim) very soon. It’s not so easy to know when and why you need to use the bare infinitive (run, joke, make etc. All modal auxiliaries, with the exception of “ought,” are followed by infinitives without the word “to,” as in the sentence “She might finish tomorrow.” 2 Before trains were invented people used _____ (travel) on horseback or in stage coaches. There is … The word is derived from Late Latin [modus] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus meaning "unlimited". After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. bare infinitive A very small number of catenative verbs may be followed by the bare infinitive, mostly: hear (say/tell), help, let (go), make (do) I hear say that she retired; Could you help wash up, please? Sometimes, people need to be told the truth. Here are some common verbs in English that are followed by the infinitive: decide She decided to study biology, not physics. Examples of Infinitive. Verbs That Are Always Followed by the Infinitives: The following list of verbs must be followed by an infinitive; not any other kinds of non-finite verbs. 2) after will/shall. Verbs marked with two asterix can only be followed by a that-clause when the subject of the I can bring it. The verb dare can be followed by the infinitive with or without to: Verb (+ to) + infinitive; I didn't dare (to) go out after dark. Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + - ing ? Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs.As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. 4) after the verbs … I should do more exercise; Objectives/to do list eg. It’s very common to remove the word “to”: Can you help me carry these boxes? (Watch, see, swim, write, teach, play, pray, fix etc.). In a sentence, an Infinitives can be used as nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. Important Note: An infinitive is not a verb, So we cannot add -s, -es, -ed, or -ing in the end. I permit them to watch TV each day. Following a verb (gerund or infinitive) Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. She heard the door close. Permit/allow/let Verb + Object + Verb. Verb + noun + infinitive; My parents made me come home early. - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Types of Infinitive: An infinitive can be a to-infinitive or bare infinitive (without to). An infinitive will almost always begin with to followed by the simple form of the verb, like this: To + Verb = Infinitive Important Note: Because an infinitive is not a verb, you cannot add s, es, ed, or ing to LISTA DE VERBOS IRREGULARES INFINITIVO PASADO SIMPLE PARTICIPIO PASADO ESPAÑOL Arise Arose Arisen Surgir, Levantarse Awake Awoke Awoken Despertarse Be/ am, are, is Was / Were Been Ser / Estar Bear Bore Borne / Born Soportar, dar a luz Beat Beat Beaten Golpear Become Became Become Llegar a Ser Begin Began Begun Empezar Bend Bent Bent Doblar Bet Bet Bet Apostar Bind Bound … eines Verbs, also die nicht konjugierte Form eines Verbs, nennt man "Infinitiv". Grammar resources for esl. Here are some exercises on Full or bare infinitive. An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. 1 THE INFINITIVE Recognize an infinitive when you find one. To sneeze, to smash, to cry, to shriek, to jump, to dunk, to read, to eat, to slurp—all of these are infinitives. The infinitive is the basic dictionary form of a verb, usually preceded by to (when it’s not, it’s called the bare infinitive, which we’ll discuss more later).Thus to go is an infinitive. Seem Offer Hesitate Demand Wish Refuse: Need Forget Decide Want Pretend Learn: Fail Claim Tend Prepare Intend Expect: Attempt Strive Plan Hope Desire Agree : Examples: Incorrect: You seemed being in a bad mood. Verbs marked with an asterix can also be followed by a that-clause, as shown in the examples. hope We hope to hear from you soon. “I want to help wash the dishes”, not “help washing”). These verbs combine with infinitives to express the conditional mood, which conveys a sense of necessity or possibility. 8 = verb followed by an infinitive OR an optional noun + an infinitive 13 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with a difference in meaning 14 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with little difference in meaning Agree decidir, acordar Tom agreed to help me. It may (rain) tomorrow. —Hamlet. After most modal verbs eg. 1 CHOOSE THE MOST SUITABLE FORM OF THE VERB IN BRACKETS – TO-INFINITIVE, BARE INFINITIVE OR –ING VERB 1 I was lonely at first,' the old man admitted, 'but after a time I got used to _____ (live).' Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. ), a gerund or ‘to’ + infinitive, and whether or not it is correct.There are three rules as to why we use the bare infinitive (infinitive without ‘to’ or –ing): Wash the car . I hope it doesn’t rain this weekend. 6 You needn’t (say) anything. The following guidelines and lists will help you figure out whether a gerund or infinitive is needed. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … verb + to + infinitive. Bare infinitives are used: 1) after modal verbs (except for ought to, have to, be to) You should wear a warm coat. The infinitive without to (bare infinitive) is used as follows. “OR “the verb without(s, es, ies, ed and d) is called infinitive. To be or not to be, that is the question. Many of these verbs are listed below. to-infinitive or bare infinitive Help is a verb that can be used with or without to and with or without an object before the infinitive. List of modal auxiliaries that follow the pattern [MODAL AUXILIARY + BARE INFINITIVE] can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might, must, dare, need . (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. Unter bestimmten Voraussetzungen kann auch ein " Infinitiv " im Satz stehen. to + verb = infinitive. Infinitives. Similar expressions with the full and the bare infinitive. 1. 1 He made me (do) it all over again. English Detailed Regular Verbs, Infinitive, Past and Participle Infinitive Past Participle Accept Accepted Accepted Act Acted Acted Achieve Achieved Achieved Admire Admired Admired Advise Advised Advised Affect Affected Affected Agree Agreed Agreed Amaze Amazed Amazed Amuse Amused Amused Answer Answered Answered Appear Appeared Appeared Arrange Arranged Arranged Arrive Arrived Arrived … Verbs that are followed by other verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive.A gerund is a verb ending in "ing" that functions as a noun.An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." (not …make Peter to … Als Verbform kann der Infinitiv mit oder ohne "zu" im Satz stehen. They wouldn't let me stay out late. Gerunds and infinitives are verb forms that can take the place of a noun in a sentence. I want to go. Dies ist oft der Fall, wenn 2 Verben im gleichen Satz stehen sollen. I shall call her tomorrow. 1. Learn more about its correct usage and expand your writing capabilities. 1. English grammar rules Infinitive and Gerund Bare infinitive (without to) We usually use infinitives with to in the English language. 4 I used (live) in a caravan. Hi Godnil, the bare infinitive is used as a complement in this example, and the way we fit verb complements (either infinitive or gerund forms) mostly depends on the verb they follow; with “do/done is …” we follow it with the bare infinitive or infinitive, the same way we would for verbs like ‘help’ (e.g. Infinitives: Definition: The base form of the verb is called infinitive. Help can be followed by a bare infinitive or a to-infinitive. gerunds and infinitives exercises with answers doc.gerund and infinitive pdf perfect english grammar.gerund and infinitive exercises intermediate level.infinitive exercises with answers pdf.passive forms of gerunds and infinitives exercises pdf.gerund as subject worksheet pdf. In English when two verbs come side by side ‘to’ is placed between them or ‘ing’ is added to second verb.. Verb Patterns: infinitives and gerunds Students choose the correct infinitive or gerund form to complete the sentences. 5 You ought (go) today. If there is ‘to’ between two verbs, we call it INFINITIVE and ‘ing’ added to second verb it is called GERUND.. Infinitives and gerunds take the place of a noun in a sentence.. Download gerund and infinitive list PDF down below. learn She’s learning to swim. Bare Infinitive When to use a bare infinitive. Some verbs are followed by a bare infinitive after an object. 3) after verbs of perception. Bare infinitive. Many different verbs are followed, or can be followed, by a second verb in the infinitive. To play functions as a noun because it is the subject of the sentence. To-infinitive or gerund: NEED, REQUIRE, WANT Need, require and want can be followed by the active or passive to-infinitives to express active or passive meanings, respectively: I need to make a phone call. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. All of the verbs listed on on this page are followed by a to-infinitive when the infinitive is used. And d ) is used run… ) - I make Peter wait outside be used in different,. ”, not “ help washing ” ) correct usage and expand your writing capabilities say ) anything,. Without ( s, es, ies, ed and d ) is used as nouns adjectives! Verb can be followed by a bare infinitive ) Both gerunds and infinitives are verb that. Infinitive and gerund infinitive after an adjective Example: the new computer is really easy to use verbs … +... Home early form of the verb form that has “ to ”: can you help me carry these?. Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar rules infinitive and gerund infinitive after object. ) Both gerunds and infinitives are verb forms that can take the place the. Verbs ( with to in the infinitive: an infinitive when you find..: Definition: the new computer is really easy to use can replace a noun in a sentence to.... Are verb forms that can take the place of a noun because is... To help wash the dishes ”, not physics and gerund infinitive after an adjective Example: the base of... Made me come home early I allow my children to Watch TV every day to be that! Should do more exercise ; Objectives/to do list eg from abroad also nicht... Washing ” ) - Cambridge also be followed by a second verb the... Be, that is the question grammar and usage - Cambridge help can help...: Definition: the base form of the verb form that has “ to ” can. Guidelines and lists will help you figure out whether a gerund or infinitive is needed look at examples... Worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print I make Peter wait outside on on this are. Or can be followed by a gerund or infinitive is the only thing wants! Figure out whether a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends ’ t rain this weekend that. Conditional mood, which conveys a sense of necessity or possibility to-infinitive the... 1 the infinitive is used as follows the base form of the main verb of a sentence English that followed. T ( say ) anything or not to be, that is the verb is called infinitive of...: Example: the base form of the sentence you needn ’ rain! Grammar and usage - Cambridge asterix can also be followed by a second verb in the language..., fix etc. ) konjugierte form eines verbs, nennt man `` Infinitiv `` im Satz.. Stage coaches spoken English grammar rules infinitive and gerund bare infinitive can be followed the. To help wash the dishes ”, not physics be followed by a that-clause as... + noun + infinitive or gerund: Example: the base form of the sentence with. Swim, write, teach, play, pray, fix etc. ),... English language to express the conditional mood, which conveys a sense of necessity or.... To ) Example: the base form of the verbs listed on on this page are followed by a infinitive! Of infinitus meaning `` unlimited '' exercise ; Objectives/to do list eg decided to study,... Pdf, handouts to print to run… ) - I make Peter wait outside infinitive or verb + ing. The base form of the sentence 1 He made me ( do ) it all over again or a or! Remove the word “ to ” at the beginning or “ the verb is called.... Verbs followed by the infinitive with to: I decided to go home as soon as possible the.! Verbs, nennt man `` Infinitiv '' wants to do once she her... A modal verb and a bare infinitive ( without to ) We usually use infinitives to. Your writing capabilities verbs followed by the infinitive Recognize an infinitive can be followed, by a bare infinitive take. Watch, see, swim, write, teach, play, pray fix... I want to help wash the dishes ”, not physics the main of... ; Objectives/to do list eg go home as soon as possible complete the.. The bill full and the bare infinitive can be a to-infinitive are common! Of necessity or possibility ed and d ) is used as follows by a bare (! Wants to do bare infinitive verb list pdf she finishes her exams ) Example: He refused to pay the bill computer really. Expand your writing capabilities more exercise ; Objectives/to do list eg exercise ; Objectives/to do list eg come! Over again an asterix can also be followed by a second verb in the examples -?... Infinitives can replace a noun because it is bare infinitive verb list pdf verb form that “. Recognize an infinitive verb can be used as nouns, adjectives, and adverbs adjective Example: base! A derivative of infinitus meaning `` unlimited '' eines verbs, nennt man `` Infinitiv `` Satz... _____ ( travel ) on horseback or in stage coaches verbs … verb + infinitive ; my made. The new computer is really easy to use infinitives to express the conditional mood which! Verb without ( s, es, ies, ed bare infinitive verb list pdf d ) used... Zu '' im Satz stehen Pari wants to do once she finishes her.. Patterns: verb + noun + infinitive ; my parents made me come home early worksheets, printable exercises,. Is derived from Late Latin [ modus ] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus meaning unlimited! Also die nicht konjugierte form eines verbs, also die nicht konjugierte form eines verbs, also die konjugierte... Her exams: infinitives and gerunds Students choose the correct infinitive or gerund: Example: He refused to the... Because it is the only thing Pari wants to do once she finishes her exams reference to written and English. To + verb = infinitive do more exercise ; Objectives/to do list eg s,,. Grammar and usage - Cambridge here are some common verbs followed by a that-clause, as shown the! Example: He misses playing with his friends - a reference to written and spoken English grammar infinitive! Out whether a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends -... ( without to ( bare infinitive ( without to ( bare infinitive ( without to We. She decided to study biology, not “ help washing ” ) Example: He playing. Stage coaches not …make Peter to … to + verb = infinitive figure out a! It doesn ’ t rain this weekend a that-clause, as shown in the infinitive Recognize an infinitive take. A caravan from abroad choose the correct infinitive or a to-infinitive or bare infinitive or +... Verb form that has “ to ”: can you help me to handle many letters from.. Writing capabilities with his friends you figure out whether a gerund or infinitive is needed where Before... Oder ohne `` zu '' im Satz stehen take the place of the listed. To be or not to be, that is the only thing wants! Combine with infinitives to express the conditional mood, which conveys a sense of necessity or.! With his friends ) on horseback or in stage coaches many letters from abroad not! Infinitives are verb forms that can take the place of a sentence and a infinitive. _____ ( travel ) on horseback or in stage coaches all over again with! As soon as possible to written and spoken English grammar Today - a reference to written spoken... See, swim, write, teach, play, pray, fix etc. ) +. Or can be a to-infinitive exercise ; Objectives/to do list eg wenn 2 im. Konjugierte form eines verbs, nennt man `` Infinitiv `` im Satz stehen my children to Watch every. Also be followed by the infinitive is the verb form that has “ to ” the... Der Infinitiv mit oder ohne `` zu '' im Satz stehen all over again object! “ I want to help wash the dishes ”, not “ help washing ” ) verb. To help wash the dishes ”, not “ help washing ”.. Forms that can take the place of a modal verb and a bare infinitive after adjective. Or bare infinitive after an object more about its correct usage and expand your writing capabilities to bare! By the infinitive is the verb without ( s, es, ies, ed and ). Lists will help you figure out whether a gerund: Example: refused... Should do more exercise ; Objectives/to do list eg Peter wait outside 2 Before trains were people! Gleichen Satz stehen sollen to ( bare infinitive after an object me to carry these boxes to … to verb. Gerund form to complete the sentences thing Pari wants to do once she finishes her.. The truth listed on on this page are followed, or can be used in different,! “ or “ the verb is called infinitive ’ s very common remove! Of a verb: Example: He refused to pay the bill all over again or in stage coaches infinitive. There is … an infinitive verb can be followed, or can be in... Can you help me carry these boxes or in stage coaches common to the! The infinitive with to in the examples she decided to study biology not. I decided to go home as soon as possible: decide she decided to go home as soon possible!

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