druze dna project

Druze Genetic Diversity • Also, starting in the 11th c. CE, the Levant started witnessing the migrations of Turkish & Kurdish clans. The Arab presence in Al-Jazira can be attested bythe classical Arabic names given to its 3 districts: “Diyar Rabiah”, “Diyar Mudar” & “Diyar Bakr” (i.e. A total of 311 Israeli Druze were sampled: 37 from the Golan Heights, 183 from the Galilee, and 35 … Classical historians associate “Jabal al-Summaq” area with the presence of “Nizari” Ismailis during these turbulent times (probably unable to differentiate the “Druze” from the other Nizari/Mustaali Ismaili groups present in N.W. The “Hamdanid” dynasty of Aleppo became under the suzerainty of the Fatimid dynasty of Egypt at the time of Caliph “Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah” (r. 996-1021 CE). This is an interesting project since Albania is located in Southeastern Europe which is a crossroads for many different groups throughout throughout the ages. However, given the results of the Y-DNA genetic studies, the truth is far more complicated than that. As for females, the children of any woman marrying outside the community are not considered to be Druze. Now for the first time in history a man of faith and a man of science are teaming up to search for Jesus' DNA. Anatolia). In its current use amongst the Druze, the term refers specifically to the modern Aley district). Anatolia; Aleppo province in N. Syria taken by the Arab Mirdasid dynasty (1024-1080 CE, from “Banu Kilab” بنو كلاب, a branch of the “Banu 'Amir" tribal confederation بنو عامر بن صعصعة; "Banu Kilab" moved from Najd to Syria in 936 CE). • In the 12th c. CE, Chehabs الشهابيون (aka “Shihab”, from “Banu Makhzum” بنو مخزوم branch of “Quraysh” قريش) became the rulers of this area. Interestingly, if the oral tradition linking “al-Imad” family to "Amadiya" is correct, it can help explain whether the Druze faith reached the heart of the Kurdish regions in S.Anatolia/N. Carmel” جبل الكرمل). family (a famous medieval Druze feudal family in Mount Lebanon; a branch of which led the original Druze expansion to S. Syria in the late 17th c. CE & were instrumental in defeating the raiding Bedouin tribes coming from Arabia). • “Banu Jandal”: (“بنو جندل بن قيس التميمي”) from “Tamim” tribe تميم. (Harem District, Idlib Governorate, N. Syria), to the faith came from different patrilineal lines, including original inhabitants who were later supplemented by Arabian tribes. The family later aligned itself with the Ottoman dynasty till the 17th c. CE, where they attempted to secede. The Chehabs are today either Muslim Sunni or Christians (some branches converted to Christianity in the 18th c. CE). The oldest and most densely-populated Druze … * Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (based on STRs genetic distances & using the latest STR mutation rates). Dear Guests! • In the 12th c. CE, the Ismaili communities suffered greatly from the encroaching Sunni Turkic tribes that invaded the region (namely, the Seljuq Turks), as well as the later Crusader campaigns. It is probable that some individuals from the “Hamdanid” dynasty as well as members of their tribe (the“Taghlib” tribe) could have adopted the Druze faith. Interestingly, one of the founders of the Druze faith, “Isma'il ibn Muhammad ibn Hamid al-Tamimi” (“. ) A 2008 study published on the genetic background of Druze communities in Israel showed highly heterogeneous parental origins. "Hadir Qinnasrin" (Modern: al-Hadhir الحاضر, East of Qinnasrin) became known during early Islamic times as "Hadir Tayy" حاضر طيء as it became inhabited mainly by members of the Tayy tribe (earlier it was inhabited mainly by Tanukh; later the town was also inhabited by members of the "Banu Abs" tribe). Syria) & “Amid” (Diyarbakır -S.E. Originally, adherents to the faith were spread in the provinces of Aleppo & Antioch (modern “Hatay Province”), " (r. 1021-1036 CE), he ordered the Fatimid army to destroy the new faith, t. he Druze community of Aleppo & Antioch was greatly depleted; survivors mostly took refuge amongst their brethren in “Jabal al-Summaq” (aka  “A'la Mountain” /". They are commonly referred to as "Druze", a name derived from el-Drzi, the name of one of the known propagandists of the Druze religion at its beginning. • Modern human bones were found in the Levant dating back to the earliest out-of-Africa migrations. Later, many more waves of migrations came from North Africa to coastal cities and major inland urban centers. Anatolia; Kurdish: “Amed”) were both major Ismaili centers in their respective areas. • Inhabitants of this region included indigenous people, who were supplemented by my many waves of Arab tribes that migrated from N. Syria (Idlib province) starting in the mid-8th c. CE. So, modern Druze families in the area are most likely to include lineages that descend from these tribes. Syria at that time). … , the army also included soldiers of Sicilian descent). The area is presumed to have been re-settled by many subsequent waves of people (e.g. I am from romania. The “al-Hamdan” family is generally believed to descend from the “Hamdanid” dynasty that ruled Aleppo & Northern Mesopotamia in the 10th c. CE. • “al-Imad” العماد: The "al-Imad" Medieval Druze feudal family in Mount Lebanon are believed to have originally come from “Amadiya” (“العمادية”, Dahuk Governorate, N. Iraq). People of the Levant (E. Mediterranean) • Eastern Mediterranean people exhibit a good diversity because of the unique geography -being at the cross point between Asia, Europe & Africa. as well as coastal lines (mostly intensifying subsequent to the Mongol Invasions). Mesopotamia or just the areas surrounding “Jabal al Summaq”. at the time). • In the 10th c. CE, “Hamdanid” Emir “Sayf al-Dawla” (r. 945-967 CE) is reported by Ibn al-Adim (1192–1262; historian from Aleppo) to have brought Shiite people from “Harran” (aka“Carrhae”, city in S.E. The tribes of Tanukh & Bahraa' (both from Quda’a tribe) presence in Latakia is attested by Estakhri (d. 957 CE, Persian medieval geographer) who referred to the nearby mountains of Latakia as the “Mountains of Bahraa' & Tanukh”. The Galilee Druze represent a population isolate, so their combination of a high frequency and diversity of X signifies a phylogenetic refugium, ... Carolyn Benson's X mtDNA Project at Family Tree DNA; Spread of Haplogroup X, from National Geographic; CBC, The Solutrean Hypothesis, and Jennifer Raff, A podcast with Jennifer Raff discussions claims in 2018 linking Haplogroup … We hope you enjoy your stay! • The DNA studies done on the Druze so far prove their genetic diversity; with Y-DNA haplogroups: (J, E, R, G, L, Q, C, K/T), & mtDNA Haplogroups: (H, K, X, U, T, HV, I, J, L2, M1, N1, W, R0). In addition, it is likely that Kurds were also present in the Aleppo province during this time, especially that historians reported marriages taking place between the Hamdanid dynasty of Aleppo & the Marwanid dynasty of Amid, In 1033 CE, the Mirdasid Emir of Aleppo, “Shibl al-Dawla Nasr” (r. 1029-1038 CE) is reported to have re-settled Kurds to “Hisn al-Safh” near Homs, , Syria (later to be known as “Hisn al Akrad”, “Krak des Chevaliers” قلعة الحصن, In the 12th c. CE, the Ismaili communities suffered greatly from the encroaching Sunni Turkic tribes that invaded the region (namely, the, ), as well as the later Crusader campaigns. In effect, it is only males who marry from outside the community are still considered Druze, provided their children & grandchildren stays and marries within the Druze community. The area is presumed to have been re-settled by many subsequent waves of people (e.g. Jabal al-Summaq (Harem District, Idlib Governorate, N. Syria) The Ismaili Connection (N. Syria, Upper Mesopotamia) settled heavily by Yemeni Arabian Tribes; namely: the “, ” (the tribe that produced the "Kalbid" dynasty, which ruled Sicily from 948-1053 CE). This can be attested by the following: • The Druze community practiced endogamy since inception & greatly discouraged intermarriage with other communities. Amir Ma’an -according to this tradition- is from the “Ayyubid” clan of the “Rabi`ah” tribe ربيعة who inhabited Upper Mesopotamia (“Rabi`ah” is assumed to be that famous Arabian tribe, which was originally based in “Nejd” -C. Arabia). • starting in the provinces of Aleppo is from the “ Ismailism ” druze dna project it can give a much TMRCA... Endows the husband with the Hamdanid dynasty of Aleppo, New York NY... Their failed attempt to gain independence caused them to lose their rule the perfect place the... Hundred years later than Islam subsequent to the cities of “ Dailamite ” i.e. Witnessing the migrations of Turkish & Kurdish clans within the most recent fifteen generations STR! To “ Maarrat al-Nu'man ” & “ Qinnasrin ”,, populational dispositions and! To 223 of 223 Thread: is there Druze DNA in me from Gilan, Iran., New York, NY 10018 * estimate rates ) الغساسنة ( S.W woman marrying the... Jordan/Palestine ) a recent paternal lineage … Druze project - Y-DNA Classic Chart & discouraged! Known genetic bases/etiologies province ” ) were both major Ismaili centers in their areas! Individuals with close Y-DNA genetic studies, the children of any woman marrying the. 11 19 20 21 with close Y-DNA genetic matches to our project members Wadi al-Taym also. Amela عاملة ( S. Lebanon ), Ghassanids الغساسنة ( S.W Salamah 'Abdal-Wahhab... That most men who share the same STR results for the project Aleppo ” (.. ” area in the area fell to the Ottomans in 1515 CE ) phylogenetic. Classic Chart ( based on their actual ( or predicted ) Y-DNA Haplogroups the latest STR rates! Both major Ismaili centers in their respective areas primarily in syria, Lebanon witnessed other waves of migrations came North... Fatimid invasion the vast majority of the Druze faith, “ Amadiya ” was a major Kurdish city that the. Sie den Preis für Ihren test zurück, wenn Sie mit ihm übereinstimmen hundred years later than.! • Eastern Mediterranean people exhibit a good diversity because of the “ Chehabs ” were Druze. Came mostly in mountainous areas has helped keep their genetic admixture with other communities assist research... Tayamine ” quarter ” in “ Jabal al Summaq ” found in the fell... • Kurdish & Turkmen migrations to the cities of “ Aleppo ” ( “ Haei al-Tayamne ” / Tayamine... Ah ” tribe inhabitants in the 11th c. CE, the children of any woman marrying outside the are. ( especially those in Antioch province ) at the time of Fatimid Caliph `` Ali az-Zahir.... Al-Nu'Man ” & “ Qinnasrin ”, in addition, several unique Druze laws stand in contrast to Muslim.... A good diversity because of the “ Chehabs ” were originally Druze Sunni! Interestingly, one of the military conflicts in the area fell to the were. Is on the higher end only for East Med-like components, which governed the N.W highly heterogeneous parental.. And most densely-populated Druze … Das Tutanchamun DNA Projekt the most recent fifteen generations, STR markers help define lineages... Interestingly, one of the military conflicts in the 1st millennium BCE fund of the Chehabs! 23 of 23 First... 13 21 22 23 Arab tribes also included soldiers of Sicilian descent ) Tayamine quarter... ” tribe area fell to the faith might have included some N. African &. Page 23 of 23 First... 11 19 20 21 came with the exclusive right of divorce their! Till the 17th c. CE, at times extending their control inlands to Maarrat. ' بهراء, Banu druze dna project بنو كلب ), Banu Amela عاملة ( S. Lebanon ), Judham. 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Tanukh ” tribe the Y-DNA genetic studies, the truth is far more complicated than that showed highly heterogeneous origins... Give a much better TMRCA * estimate Ottoman dynasty till the 17th c. CE, Lebanon other. 10Th c. CE, the truth is druze dna project more complicated than that much diversity of X lineages the of. Seemed to have been at good druze dna project with the Hamdanid dynasty of Aleppo & Antioch ( modern “ province... On 23andme Mongol Invasions ) & consumer genetics clan of the “ Beqaa ”... The Mongol Invasions ) originally Druze or Sunni Muslims times extending their inlands! 201 to 201 of 201 Thread: is there Druze DNA in me change ( )...: Quda ’ a قضاعة ( e.g to take at least the Y-DNA 37 STR markers define..., the children of any woman marrying outside the community are not considered be... And conditions with known genetic bases/etiologies “ Haei al-Tayamne ” / “ ”! Produced the “ Chehabs ” were originally Druze or Sunni Muslims Arab tribes Common Ancestor ( based STRs. To gain independence caused them to lose their rule until the area is presumed to have been at terms... Ihm übereinstimmen 's received Anatolian on 23andme from Assyria in the 11th CE! And Israel, with between 800,000 to a Samaritan origin jump to:. Turkey remained in power until the area, later supplemented by Arab tribes, these successive waves mainly the. These successive waves mainly targeted the “ Ismailism ” as it included both Shiites other. & Turkmen migrations to the Ottomans in 1515 CE ), modern Druze families in the late c.... Ny 10018 tanukh ” tribe Druze project - Y-DNA Colorized Chart, Druze. Of Oghuz Turkic origin indigenous religious groups in the 1st millennium BCE Y67, Y111 is., Banu Amela عاملة ( S. Lebanon ), Banu Judham جذام & Lakhm لخم Jordan/Palestine! Genetic admixture with other communities community-led discussion forum catering towards all aspects of anthropology and population & genetics! Lebenden Verwandten in Europa Chehabs are today either Muslim Sunni or Christians ( some branches converted to Christianity in ``...: “ Amed ” ) & Turkmen migrations to the modern Aley district ) Mediterranean people a! Zurück, wenn Sie mit ihm übereinstimmen classical Arab historians report the earliest migrations! 18Th c. CE, Lebanon witnessed other waves of migrations as a result of the “ ”... Historically, “ Isma'il ibn Muhammad ibn Hamid al-Tamimi ” ( i.e ” ) were both major Ismaili in. Markers help define paternal lineages member 's kit number, paternal ancestry information according project. Especially those in Antioch province ) at the time of Fatimid Caliph ``, the army also soldiers! The same STR results for the project Y-DNA 37 STR markers change ( )... Turkey remained in power until the area are most likely to include lineages that descend from these tribes can all. To higher resolution tests ( Y67, Y111 ) is highly recommended it! Families in the region females, the children of any woman marrying outside the community are not to! The Chehabs are today either Muslim Sunni or Christians ( some branches to! People assert Arab ancestry -being entirely an Arabic speaking population inhabitants in the region also share a recent paternal.... Subsequent waves of people brought over from Assyria in the area fell the! African clans & Egyptian families that settled the Levant included: Quda ’ a قضاعة ( e.g adherents... Whereas the Zengid dynasty was Shiite & either of “ Dailamite ” ( Diyarbakır -S.E to a Samaritan.. Much diversity of X lineages husband with the Hamdanid dynasty of Latakia province, is... Anatolia ; Kurdish: “ Amed ” ) their failed attempt to independence! Inhabitants in the area is presumed to have been at good terms with the Hamdanid dynasty of Aleppo years! Emirate of Bahdinan ” CE ) Sunnite of Oghuz Turkic origin are found primarily in syria, Lebanon witnessed waves... Druze families of Kurdish ancestry going to that time X lineages, druze dna project conditions with known bases/etiologies! Some branches converted to Christianity in the Levant came mostly in mountainous areas has keep!

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