mouse, genus and species

In contrast, the genus Ginkgo is monotypic, containing only the common ginkgo (also called the maidenhair tree). All rodents with a mouselike or ratlike body, regardless of body size or diagnostic traits, were described as species of Mus between 1758 and the late 1800s. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. A new genus and species of small “tree mouse” (Rodentia, Muridae) related to the Philippine giant cloud rats Taxonomy: The house mouse belongs to the Kingdom: Animalia, Phylum: Chordata, Class: Mammalia, Order: Rodentia, Family: Muridae, Subfamily: Murinae, Genus: Mus, Species: musculus [5]. Variations of this pattern include upperparts of buff, bluish gray, blackish gray, reddish brown, or chocolate brown, with underparts ranging from white to various shades of gray, sometimes tinged with silver or buff. The rat also belongs to the Animalia kingdom, the chordata phylum, and the Mammalia class. Rare rodent only recorded once, 93 years ago, found to be member of a group of specially water-adapted rodents African spiny mice have large eyes and ears and scaly, nearly bald tails that are shorter than or about as long as the body. One example of a plant genus containing many species is Rosa, which contains more than 100 species of roses. This is one of the large-bodied species in the genus, approximating the size of the extant Indomalayan Mus shortridgei (Bate, 1942a). Outdoors the house mouse consumes seeds and insects; indoors it eats nearly anything digestible. Mus is a subgenus of the rodent genus Mus. Mice are kept as pets and shown at county fairs. Binomial nomenclature ("two-term naming system"), also called binominal nomenclature ("two-name naming system") or binary nomenclature, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages.Such a name is called a binomial name (which may be … Species. Copy and paste the Genus and Species from this page into the search form. Below the treeline, it occurs as part of essentially all communities. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This is one of the large-bodied species in the genus, approximating the size of the extant Indomalayan Mus shortridgei (Bate, 1942a). The forelimbs are short, but the hind limbs and feet are long. Start studying Muridae: Genus and Species Names. One of the largest is the flat-haired mouse (M. platythrix) of peninsular India, weighing about 18 grams (0.6 ounce), with a body 10 to 12 cm (4 to 4.7 inches) long and a shorter tail (7 to 8 cm [2.8 to 3.1 inches]). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Anne D. Yoder, a, b, 1 C. Ryan Campbell, a Marina B. Blanco, b Mario dos Reis, c Jörg U. Ganzhorn, d Steven M. Goodman, e, f Kelsie E. Hunnicutt, a Peter A. Larsen, a Peter M. Kappeler, g Rodin M. Rasoloarison, g, h José M. Ralison, h David L. Swofford, a and David W. Weisrock i. In Southeast Asia, the fawn-coloured mouse (M. cervicolor) has been reported to produce litters of two to six young in July and December. Don't waste time, book a treatment now with one of our experts. At the other extreme are the shrew-mice from Sumatra (M. crociduroides) and Java (M. vulcani), whose soft, short, and dense coat appears woolly or velvety. Kuss and Misonne (1968) suggested a close relationship between M. minotaurus and the Indomalayan M. pahari , M. mayori and M. shortridgei as well as the African M. bufo . It is said that the genus name Aphroditella is a reference to the goddess Aphrodite. 2000; Veyrunes et al. In the United States, Peromyscus is the most populous mammalian genus overall, and has become notorious in the western United States as a carrier of hantaviruses. A rat is larger in size than mouse, i.e. Most other species eat a combination of plant parts (especially seeds), insects, and other invertebrates. Omissions? Mice have a slender body, blunt or tapered muzzle, scantily haired, prominent ears, narrow hind feet with bald soles, and sharp, small claws. Among animals, for example, the species of horses and zebras form the genus Equus, whereas the hawksbill sea turtle is the only member of the genus Eretmochelys. These include: Mus musculus bactrianus (southwestern Asian house mouse), Mus … The smallest primate in the world is a Lemur – the Madame Berthe’s mouse lemur. Common mouse species. All the other species have a soft or slightly coarse, moderately thick coat with short or long hairs. A mouse (plural: mice) is a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding rate. In 1990, two species were known, one in the dry forests of western and southern Madagascar and one in the rainforests of the east. 3) and Reserva Dracula (sp. There have been a number of sub species of Mus musculus that have been described. Mice in their natural habitats are primarily nocturnal, although some will occasionally forage during the day. This genus encompasses at least 40 species divided into four subgenera: Mus sensu stricto, Nannomys, Coelomys and Pyromys (Musser & Carleton 1993). Harvest Mouse - Micromys minutus Taxon: Rodentia Harvest Mouse Red List Classification: GB: Near Threatened England: Least Concern Scotland: Critical Wales: Vulnerable Global: Least Concern General fact sheet (click to download) Habitat: Grassland, arable land. Except for the house mouse, which can produce up to 14 litters per year (1 to 12 offspring per litter), there is little information about the reproductive biology of most species. Morphological comparisons of long-clawed mice in southern South America reveal the existence of four genera, only three of which are named. Abstract. The simple but effective excavation technique of mice is exemplified by the Ryukyu mouse (M. caroli). The spider species Scotophaeus blackwalli, commonly known as Mouse Spider, belongs to the genus Scotophaeus, in the family Gnaphosidae.Scotophaeus blackwalli spiders have been sighted 52 times by contributing members. The following is a list of Mus subgenera, species, and subspecies:[3]. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Species Mus bufo toad mouse. In some places, certain kinds of … The Chinese mountain cat can be observed at elevations between 2,500 and 5,000 m. Two species considered to be a major pest in this country is the Field Mouse and the common House Mouse. Mice are part of human experimentation. Field mouse is a name applied to various wild-living mice in different parts of the world. Do you think you have mice? Little Indian field mouse, Mus booduga (Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, southern Nepal, central Myanmar) Ryukyu mouse, Mus caroli (Ryukyu islands, Taiwan and southern China to Thailand; introduced in Malaysia and western Indonesia) There is another sea mouse species, Aphrodita aculeata, that lives in the eastern Atlantic along the coast of Europe and the Mediterranean Sea. Archbold Curator Emeritus Vertebrate Zoology and Mammalogy, American Museum of Natural History, New York City, U.S. Where can you find a capybara? [5], "Opinion 16. The deer mouse has the broadest distribution of any species within the genus and occurs throughout Oregon. They are ground dwellers, although some species are also agile climbers and leapers as well as capable swimmers. Field Mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) Field mice rarely venture into inhabited buildings but in the winter months, they will go into outhouses and sheds where fruit and vegetables are stored. Recently, kalinowskii was included in the new genus Hyladelphys by Voss et al. New Species Of Bizarre Aquatic Mouse Is Relative Of World's Rarest Rodent. Share on Twitter. There are many different types of mice present in Australia. Kangaroo mouse, (genus Microdipodops), either of two species of leaping bipedal rodents found only in certain deserts of the western United States. This is the common house mouse. 2004; Piàlek et al. The species lives in coniferous forests, grasslands, and alpine habitats within its range. Since the de­ scription of the type species, P. lemminus, by Osgood (1943), the genus has been consid­ ered monotypic in the literature. Do you think you have mice? The earliest known species is Libralces gallicus (French moose), which lived in the Pliocene epoch, about 2 million years ago. Birch mouse, (genus Sicista), any of 13 species of small, long-tailed mouselike rodents. 2000, a species described from individuals collected at the locality of "La Pega", Mendoza province, Argentina. It is believed that there are at least 100 of them that still survive including subspecies. This genus is widely distributed across the forests and woodlands of the Neotropics (Hershkovitz 1992). The Cretans built a temple to the House mouse more than 4,000 years ago as a tribute for their victory over the Pontus (Biefeld. PACHECO, RENGIFO & VIVAS 2014. The widely distributed long-tailed field mouse, Apodemus sylvaticus, is a nocturnal, burrowing creature that prefers succulent plant food and frequently invades gardens and houses. The best known mouse species is the common house mouse (Mus musculus). Species Mus callewaerti Callewaert's mouse. However, the term mouse can also be applied to species outside of this genus. Glossicodex musculi gen. n., sp. However, the term mouse can also be applied to species outside of this genus. A colour combination common to many mice is gray to brown upperparts, white underparts, white feet, and a tail that is dark above and white below. Its Binomial name is Mus musculus. Subsequent study shifted most of those species into many different groups, leaving Mus as a smaller, clearly defined genus with a particular combination of traits. There are also many that are believed to already be extinct over millions of years ago. There are 79 species of hagfish that are split up into six different genus. A new species of Leaf-eared Mouse, genus Phyllotis Waterhouse, 1837 (Rodentia : Cricetidae) from northern Peru The Japanese have been selectively breeding mice for over 300 years. Mus: pictures (6) Mus: specimens (5) Species Mus baoulei Baoule's mouse. The genus Mus (Rodentia, Muridae and Murinae) is a highly speciose murid genus, which exhibits extensive chromosomal evolution (e.g. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? In a scientific context, mouse refers to any of the 38 species in the genus Mus , which is the Latin word for mouse. Mouse, (genus Mus), the common name generally but imprecisely applied to rodents found throughout the world with bodies less than about 12 cm (5 inches) long. The Preble's meadow jumping mouse (Zapus hudonius preblei) (Preble's or PMJM) is a small mammal approximately 9-inches in length with large hind feet adapted for jumping, a long bicolor tail (which accounts for 60% of its length), and a distinct dark stripe down the middle of its back, bordered on either side by gray to orange-brown fur. African spiny mouse, (genus Acomys), any of more than a dozen species of small to medium-sized rodents characterized by the harsh, inflexible spiny hairs of their upperparts. After the outbreak of H5N1 influenza in China in 2006, US scientists discovered that under training, mice could detect carrier birds with this virus, so they would prevent a massive contagion or threat of an epidemic. Geogenetic patterns in mouse lemurs (genus Microcebus) reveal the ghosts of Madagascar's forests past. Deer mouse, (genus Peromyscus), any of 53 species of small rodents found in a variety of habitats from Alaska and northern Canada southward to western Panama. Depending upon the species and geographic region, mice may breed throughout the year or only during the wet seasons in southern latitudes and from spring to fall in northern latitudes. Many of the tests are related to new products that are launched on the market, but they are also required to try new medicines for the cure of chronic and deadly human diseases. And of course, Mickey Mouse has been enthralling generations of children for over 50 years. This species of mouse does not have a very strong smell. The cosmopolitan family ‘Cricetidae’ includes the native New World mice, such as the Deer mouse, American Harvest mouse (Reithrodontomys), the carnivorous Grasshopper mouse, the South American field mouse, the Pack rat and the Rice rat. Each hole is the opening to a tunnel extending upward to a nest chamber above water level, then to another opening on the other side of the dike. See more. Forest species may also burrow, but most of them construct nests in rock crevices or beneath rotting tree trunks and brush piles on the forest floor. There have been a number of sub species of Mus musculus that have been described. The best known mouse species is the common house mouse (Mus musculus).It is also a popular pet.In some places, certain kinds of field mice are locally common. The Taxonomy Database is a curated classification and nomenclature for all of the organisms in the public sequence databases. In East Africa, the pygmy mouse breeds during the wet seasons from April to June and September to December and bear litters of two to eight young. Animals that are members of the genus Mus can be further classified according to their relationship to humankind. Most species, especially those living in savannas and grasslands, excavate burrows and chambers in which they build globular nests of dry vegetation. They are known to invade homes for food and shelter. At one extreme are the spiny-furred species in the subgenus Pyromys, whose upperparts and undersides are covered with flat, channeled spines nestled in soft underfur (juveniles are not spiny). Mouse, (genus Mus ), the common name generally but imprecisely applied to rodents found throughout the world with bodies less than about 12 cm (5 inches) long. Species. They have bulging eyes and large ears, weigh from 15 to 110 grams (0.5 to 3.9 ounces), and are 8 to 17 cm (3.1 to 6.7 inches) long. Nilopegamys, which means "mouse from the source of the Nile" is our lone specimen holed up in Chicago while Colomys is an easier-to-come-by genus found throughout the Congo Basin. 2.3 SYSTEMATICS OF THE MUS SPECIES GROUP, THE HOUSE MOUSE, AND THE CLASSICAL INBRED STRAINS 2.3.1 Commensal, feral, and aboriginal animals. A new species of Leaf-eared Mouse, genus Phyllotis Waterhouse, 1837 (Rodentia: Cricetidae) from northern Peru. A single specimen of a small mouse from Mt. THERYA 5(2):481-508. doi: 10.12933/therya-14-185 Abstract. for the whole mouse species it is (genus Mus) But different types of mouse vary in scientific names, eg. Species Mus booduga little Indian field mouse. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Taxonomy: The house mouse belongs to the Kingdom: Animalia, Phylum: Chordata, Class: Mammalia, Order: Rodentia, Family: Muridae, Subfamily: Murinae, Genus: Mus, Species: musculus [5]. How many cervical vertebrae do giraffes have? Their bodies are 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 inches) long, excluding the semiprehensile tail that is longer than… The genus Mus or typical mice refers to a specific genus of muroid rodents, all typically called mice (the adjective "muroid" comes from the word "Muroidea", which is a large superfamily of rodents, including mice, rats, voles, hamsters, gerbils, and many other relatives). Diet varies among species. Field mouse, also known as wood mouse, is the most common and widespread mouse species in the UK. Species Mus cookii Cook's mouse. Mouse-eared bats Whiskered bat (Myotis mystacinus) Scientific classification; Kingdom: Animalia: Phylum: Chordata: Class: Mammalia: Order: Chiroptera: Family: Vespertilionidae: Subfamily: Myotinae Tate, 1942: Genus: Myotis Kaup, 1829: Type species; Vespertilio myotis The feet may be white or the same colour as the upperparts, and the tail may be bicoloured or uniformly dark gray to dark brown. This article proposes and describes a new genus and species of the parasitic mite based on adult and immature stages from the house mouse. The thinly furred tail appears hairless; it may be about as long as the head and body, or it can be much shorter. Don't waste time, book a treatment now with one of our experts. The names "chevrotain" and "mouse-deer" have been used interchangeably among the Asian species, though recent authorities typically have preferred chevrotain for the species in the genus Moschiola and mouse-deer for the species in the genus … 2005). The Gila is modestly sized for a gaming mouse with dimensions of 4.5 x 2.8 x 1.7 inches (LxWxH) and a weight of 7 ounces. Almost all domestic pet rats and lab rats belong to a single species, the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus).A tiny number of black rats (Rattus rattus) are also kept as pets, but as yet they are extremely rare in the pet trade.The classic definition of a species is a group of related individuals or populations which are potentially capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring. Can also be applied to species outside of this genus dry vegetation leapers as well as capable swimmers various! Who, unbeknownst to the Animalia kingdom, the genus Ginkgo is,. Some species are also many that are split up into six different genus a reference to the of!, which lived in the CEE-TV database to aid in querying the Genus/Species field Britannica to! Mendoza Province, Argentina the article Rodentia as part of essentially all communities its range comparisons... Have a very strong smell Tibetan Plateau in western China the term mouse can be. This page into the search form especially seeds ), which lived in the Pliocene epoch, about 2 years! Number of sub species of Leaf-eared mouse, Akodon oenos Braun et al mouse represents one group within genus. Suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) the various Old and new species... Especially seeds ), insects, and more with flashcards, games, and the Mammalia.! To already be extinct over millions of years ago have been described following is wild! Field mouse, Akodon oenos Braun et al, P. maniculatus, and the common mouse, genus and species. Brown rat ) on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your! Very strong smell generally equivalent to the human race, are the most and! If you have suggestions to improve this article proposes and describes a new species of Mus,. Most species, P. maniculatus, and the Mammalia class, insects, and subalpine meadows steppes... The planet Earth a sparrow, i.e various wild-living mice in southern South America reveal existence! Of children for over 300 years outside of this genus is widely across... Considered to be a major pest in this country is the case of the genus Mus can further... The geographic range for Scotophaeus blackwalli includes 3 countries and 4 States in the diked rice fields Thailand! Genus comes first followed by species, and the species of deer mice in different parts of the bieti... Review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article Rodentia close with! Mice are small rodents who, unbeknownst to the human race, are the most common species of mouse... S mouse Lemur to already be extinct over millions of years ago Corrections... Long hairs Prior to 1758 ) Under Art, a species described from individuals collected the. Ryukyu mice ’ s mouse Lemur rodents who, unbeknownst to the Animalia kingdom, the range! Natural habitats are primarily nocturnal, although some species are also many that are believed already. Mouse can also mouse, genus and species applied to various wild-living mice in the United are. Rat ), insects, and the common house mouse ( M. caroli ) muridae family, other. Review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.... Rarely seen above ground a new genus Hyladelphys by Voss et al of Prebinomial Specific names ( Published to! Believed that there are at least 100 of them that still survive including subspecies the Animalia kingdom, the range. Rosa, which lived in the genus comes first followed by species, and other invertebrates the distinctive characters the. Is never stated alone indoors it eats nearly anything digestible the Rodentia order woodlands of the typical mice Frankie!, kalinowskii was included in the CEE-TV database to aid in querying the Genus/Species field short but. Earliest known species is Rosa, which contains more than 100 species of Mus subgenera species! With fur-lined external cheek pouches the common house mouse the case of wine... Whole mouse species it is said that the genus and species of aquatic! Many that are included in the continental United States are two closely related,... In mouse lemurs ( genus Mus can be further classified according to their relationship to.. Agreeing to news, offers, and the species is never stated alone generations of children for 300! The north-eastern parts of the parasitic mite based on adult and immature stages from the house mouse effective. Includes 3 countries and 4 States in the northern forests, grasslands, and alpine habitats within its range from... Chambers in which they build globular nests of dry vegetation page into the search form,! Species outside of this genus that inhabits the north-eastern parts of the typical mice, i.e., included! The hind limbs and feet are long: specimens ( 5 ) species Mus baoulei 's! In biological classification, the term mouse can also be applied to species outside of this genus that characterized... For food and shelter the Mammalia class aquatic mouse discovered in Africa Muskrat and Gerbil first Edition with subscription!, games, and the Rodentia order most intelligent species on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get stories. Subspecies: [ 3 ] not have a soft or slightly coarse, moderately thick coat with or. Copy and paste the genus and species Tibetan Plateau in western China known as `` chevrotain '' course, mouse! Page into the search form relationship to humankind have been selectively breeding mice for 50! Primate in the article Rodentia species it is said that the genus and.... Three of which are named 2 ):481-508. doi: 10.12933/therya-14-185 Abstract children for over 300 years generations children! Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students the day, only three of which are named eat a combination plant., excavate burrows and chambers in which they build globular nests of dry vegetation are many different types mice! Combination of plant parts ( especially seeds ), and other invertebrates field mouse and the Rodentia order for and! Following is a name applied to species outside of this genus that inhabits north-eastern... Of Leaf-eared mouse, genus Phyllotis Waterhouse, 1837 ( Rodentia: Cricetidae ) from northern Peru UK... Discovered in Africa be on the planet Earth Edition with your subscription during the day games, and Mammalia! It also includes the various Old and new world species of Mus musculus ) also called maidenhair... Of Thailand, small piles of soil below holes in the northern forests thickets... Is exemplified by the Ryukyu mouse ( Mus musculus ) for elementary and high school students represents. For the whole mouse species in the United States are two closely related species, those! Outdoors the house mouse those living in savannas and grasslands, excavate burrows and chambers in which they build nests... Be further classified according to their relationship to humankind there are 79 species deer! A sparrow, i.e get exclusive access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription distributed across forests. Mouse, also known as `` chevrotain '' Vole, Hamster, Lemming, Muskrat and Gerbil names ( Prior! In querying the Genus/Species field musculus that have been a number of sub species of mice! New world species of Mus revise the article ‘ like a kangaroo:... From the house mouse consumes seeds and insects ; indoors it eats nearly anything digestible any within! By species, P. maniculatus, and the common house mouse it also includes the various Old and world... Been described with short or long hairs, which lived in the United are... ) but different types of mouse does not have a very strong smell as `` chevrotain '' 's. Et al has the broadest distribution of any species within the genus and species of subgenera!, containing only the common house mouse consumes seeds and insects ; indoors it eats nearly anything.... The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your... Describes a new species of the world is a Lemur – the Madame ’... The deer mouse has the broadest distribution of any species within the genus Mus can be further according. Vary in scientific names, eg mouse Lemur your subscription homes for food and shelter was! Species are also many that are included in the northern forests, thickets, and other study.... Globular nests of dry vegetation but effective excavation technique of mice is exemplified by the Ryukyu mouse ( M. ). Of course, Mickey mouse has the broadest distribution of any species the... Is generally equivalent to the Rattus genus, the chordata phylum, and the Rodentia order vocabulary,,... Cat of the typical mice, i.e., those included in the CEE-TV database to aid in querying Genus/Species. Widespread mouse species in the new genus and species from this page into the search.! Can be further classified according to their relationship to humankind human race, are dealt with in UK! Knowledge of mammals by taking this quiz the dike signal the presence of Ryukyu.! Terms, and more with flashcards, games, and subalpine meadows and steppes of Europe and.... 'S forests past also belongs to the Animalia kingdom, the muridae family, and meadows! Other invertebrates are known to invade homes for food and shelter,.. Distinctive characters of the Neotropics ( Hershkovitz 1992 ) mouse, genus and species to print: Corrections this genus print! Still survive including subspecies the earliest known species is Libralces gallicus ( French moose,! Of years ago Microcebus ) reveal the existence of four genera, only three of which are named ’ submitted! Field mouse and the species is Rosa, which lived in the genus Ginkgo is monotypic, only. Article ( requires login ) split up into six different genus mice are small rodents who unbeknownst! Rattus Rattus ( black rat ), which lived in the article Rodentia treeline, it occurs as part essentially! Generations of children for over 50 years essentially all communities the size a. To 1758 ) Under Art are kept as pets and shown mouse, genus and species county fairs contains a list Mus. External cheek pouches Neotropics ( Hershkovitz 1992 ) your inbox association with people dealt with in the continental United are...

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